Why and How to Migrate from HTTP to HTTPS? Is it helps? There are many such questions. So, here in this blog we are going to get justified answers of all the above questions.
Before that let us learn some basics about HTTPS.
What is HTTPS?
HTTPS is used for “secure” communication over Hypertext Transfer Protocol on the web to secure e-commerce transactions, such as online banking sites and e-commerce checkout areas.
Does HTTPS secure a website?
We think HTTPS is a secure protocol which protects our website. The fact is that our website is not protected but provides:
- Authentication prevents malicious attacks and provides authorized communication.
- Encryption provides privacy by encoding the data and ensures that data won’t be stolen.
- Data integrity prevents data from modified or corrupted data during the transfer.
Let’s start migrating from Http to Https:
The following points helps you migrate to HTTPS.
- Crawl the current website so that you know the rank of the website.
- Get a valid security certificate (SSL) and install on the server. To install SSL certificate, it depends on your hosting environment and server setup. Choose your server type below:
- BEA Weblogic
- Cisco Secure ACS
- Update references in content. This can usually be done in the database. You need to update all references to internal links to use HTTPS.
- Update references in templates. This can be done with Git or simply Notepad++, but you need to make sure references to scripts, images, links and so on are either using HTTPS.
- Update canonical tags, hreflang tags and alternates. Most CMS systems will take care of canonical tags, hreflang tags and alternatives, but double-check, because that’s not always the case.
- Update plugins to make sure that there is no malicious content.
- Make sure any other external scripts that are called support HTTPS.
- Update sitemaps to use HTTPS versions of the URLs.
- Enable HTTP Strict Transport Security (HSTS) because it tells the browser to always use HTTPS, which makes your website load faster.
- Add 301 Redirects to New HTTPS URLs: The most important steps in an HTTP to HTTPS migration is adding 301 redirects.
- Make sure to update the URL in your analytics platform.
- Update any other tools such as A/B testing software, keyword tracking to use the HTTPS versions of the URLs.
- Monitor everything during the migration and check to make sure everything is going smoothly.
After migrating from HTTP to HTTPS Google need to re-crawl the website. So you should add the new HTTPS property to your Google Search Console.
If you come across any issue or want to give any suggestions in migrating HTTP to HTTPs, please feel free to comment us.